Investing in multifamily real estate is a smart way to diversify your portfolio. Investors find multifamily real estate attractive because it lends itself to a slow and steady return on investment. Between Covid-19 and rapid changes in politics, today’s economic outlook is uncertain and rookie and seasoned investors alike are looking for investments that will grow their capital.
Multifamily real estate is less complicated than other commercial real estate opportunities and can generate a strong cash flow. Keep reading to explore the key pros and cons of multifamily investing.
What is multifamily real estate?
A multifamily property contains more than one rentable unit - like an apartment complex or high-rise.
Investing in rental properties, like multifamily units, is a preferred strategy for investors who want to generate an additional monthly income at a relatively low cost.
What are the pros of investing in multifamily real estate?
Investing in a multifamily property holds its fair share of advantages.
Large demand = lower risk. Multifamily investing is considered a safer investment than other real estate assets. Even in the face of economic uncertainty and poor job markets, people need a place to live. During an economic downturn, rental properties may see a boom as people sell their homes, relocate, or move into a rental.
Grow your portfolio faster. Investing in multifamily real estate is a unique opportunity to expand your portfolio in a short period of time. It’s a lot easier and timelier to acquire 30 apartment units than to acquire 30 single-family homes. Avoid the headache of multiple loans, sellers, and inspections by investing in a multifamily property.
Streamline your property management. Investing in a multifamily property improves daily efficiencies in your property management. By managing one property with multiple units, you save time and money traveling between properties to perform maintenance duties. Also, it makes more financial sense to hire a property manager for a multifamily property rather than a string of single-family homes.
Increase your cash flow. One of the biggest advantages to investing in multifamily real estate is the ability to significantly increase your cash flow. Investors are attracted to multifamily properties because of the predictability of income each month. In both bull and bear markets, rents are collected each month, and units are easily turned over for new leases leading to a steady cash flow.
From lower risk to higher rewards and increased efficiencies in your property management, put your investment capital to work with multifamily real estate.
View open investments with Holdfolio.
What are the cons of investing in multifamily real estate?
Despite the strong advantages of investing in multifamily properties, we wouldn’t be doing our due diligence if we didn’t share some of the drawbacks of this investment strategy.
Increased competition. The advantages of multifamily real estate draw attention from new and experienced investors alike, creating strong competition in the market. This can pave the way for more experienced investors to crowd out the market because they may be more likely to pay in cash or appeal to sellers. Newbie investors may find luck partnering with experienced investors or joining a real estate crowdfunding platform like Holdfolio.
Higher upfront cost. Depending on where you’re investing, multifamily properties can be extremely expensive, much more expensive than a single-family home. Cost tends to be the biggest barrier to new investors, even for seasoned investors. Most banks look for investors to put down at least 20% as a down payment. However, banks are more likely to grant loans for a multifamily property than a single-family because there is less risk involved.
Despite the higher upfront costs and competition, avenues like real estate crowdfunding platforms have become attractive to multifamily investors. Crowdfunding platforms allow investors to put a small amount of capital into a property to become a shareholder.
Diversify your portfolio and increase your cash flow with multifamily real estate in 2021. Assess the pros and cons and seek the best investment for your wallet.
Start investing with Holdfolio today.
It’s been more than six months since COVID-19 hit the country, and ever since then millions of Americans have been affected by the financial, economic, and social implications of the pandemic.
From national lockdowns to financial insecurity, the real estate industry has been dramatically impacted. But, what does real estate investing look like in 2021 as we begin to gain more certainty on the path forward? Keep reading to learn about investing in real estate in 2021.
The Impact Of Coronavirus On Real Estate
When the coronavirus shut down businesses and schools across the country in March, the effects of the pandemic on real estate and investing were felt almost immediately. Tenants fell behind on rent, mortgages went into forbearance, vacation rentals were canceled, and property sales decreased.
Despite the effects of a national lockdown, the real estate market has seen a rebound in the second half of 2020. In fact, home prices were up 15% year over year at the start of November and Zillow predicts that home values will increase 4.1% in 2021 due to renewed market optimism and spikes in sales this summer and fall.
While the long-term effects of the coronavirus on real estate are still uncertain, rebounds in the market this fall have given investors and buyers hope for 2021.
Real Estate Investing Opportunities In 2021
New and experienced real estate investors may be unsure where their best investing bet lies in 2021. While there are housing booms in cities across the country, many Americans still find themselves in precarious financial situations and may not be in a position to buy a home.
This poses a unique opportunity for house flippers. With lower demand in some areas, prices are driven down and the opportunity to flip houses is valuable and lucrative.
Access to capital and loans may be an issue for some investors with lenders slower to give out loans at a time when many people’s finances are in a sensitive position. This positions real estate crowdfunding platforms at the forefront of real estate investing in 2021. Crowdfunding platforms allow investors to invest in real estate in a low-risk high-reward model. The initial investment is low, it’s mainly passive, and is a simple way to diversify your real estate portfolio. Learn more about real estate crowdfunding platforms for accredited and non-accredited shareholders like Holdfolio.
Vacation rentals also provide a way to make some extra cash on the side. With people in between jobs or considering relocation, the demand for short-term living arrangements is on the rise. Rental platforms like Airbnb and VRBO can also be more lucrative as you charge guests more for a short-term stay versus traditional renting.
Lastly, the value of apartment complexes continues to rise. With cities converting office spaces into apartments and young people looking to rent instead of buy due to job insecurity, expect multi-family investing to be on the rise in 2021.
Real estate investing in 2021 may seem uncertain. But, there are many unique opportunities to diversify your portfolio with real estate in the new year. Assess your options and seek the best investment for your wallet.
Here is Part 2 of our Q&A Interview for new investors.
How long will the investment be?
Holdfolio’s goal is to own our real estate over the long term to collect rental income & take advantage of the benefits of owning real estate. It is in the best interest of everyone that we sell the property at the right time, this event may occur sooner or later depending on market conditions, performance factors, and desires of the investor members. If it is not the right time to sell, then Holdfolio will continue to hold onto the property for cash flow.
Do investors share in any of the tax benefits of owning real estate?
Yes. We will be writing off depreciation on the property and all other business expenses related to the operation of the rental properties. So, the taxable income you earn from the investment will be reduced by these tax benefits.
What makes Holdfolio different from other crowdfunding platforms?
Holdfolio is operated by full-time real estate investors. This means there are no middlemen and all the opportunities on the platform are sourced by Holdfolio.
How do the legal agreements describe the relationship between investor members and the manager?
For the most part, the manager retains the right to make all day to day decisions, however there are certain decisions that will be made through a vote of the investor members in order to reach a majority consensus. The partnership is facilitated by a limited liability company & the manager is the responsible party for the acts of the company. Investor have zero liability.
When are profits distributed to investors?
Holdfolio disburses profit to investors quarterly. This means that you will receive profit from your investment deposited directly into your account during the first couple weeks of January, April, July, & October. To date the average return to partners is 10.17%. *This return does not take into account possible increases or decreases in the value of current investments. Further, the performance of our portfolios in the past does not guarantee that they will be successful in the future. More information about our track record is available to registered users.
How do I get my invested capital back?
After Holdfolio holds the property to collect rental income, the property can be sold for a profit or refinanced with long term debt. In the event the property is sold, you will receive the return of your invested capital plus the profits from the sale. If the property is refinanced, you will receive a return of your invested capital & still keep ownership in the property. It is also possible for you to sell your ownership to recoup your investment. In this scenario, either Holdfolio can purchase your ownership, or we can assist in a match-making effort to find someone interested in purchasing your ownership. Holdfolio retains a first right of refusal to purchase your ownership should you decide to sell. In general, you cannot sell your ownership within 12 months from your initial investment date.
Here at Holdfolio, it is common for us to receive similar questions from new investors. This interview was conducted with one of our investors.
What kinds of questions did you have for Holdfolio during the brief introduction call?
The call mostly was getting to gain a better understanding of how Holdfolio operates.
What is the minimum investment?
It can vary depending upon the specific investment opportunity but is typically $20,000.
Why did you choose Holdfolio?
It is a passive approach and the returns are attractive. I'm not looking to spend time managing the investment and didn't want the liability and potential headache that comes with owning real estate myself.
What were the steps and processes to invest with Holdfolio?
It was pretty simple. I went through a 3-step process online to invest. After signing the investment agreement I was able to fund my investment. I had the option of sending a wire or mailing a check which was deposited to Holdfolio's escrow account.
How much time do you spend managing your investment with Holdfolio?
I log on to my dashboard every so often to check the status of investments. Everything is updated quarterly. I was get email updates and distribution details so it's really nice.
Foreclosures continue to be one of the hottest items in the world of real estate. How do they work. What is the appeal for investors? What ways are there to participate?
A foreclosure is a legal proceeding which seizes real estate from an owner and liquidates it through a sale to compensate creditors.
The most common reason for foreclosure is when a homeowner fails to pay their mortgage payments. Once a loan payment becomes 30 days late, it goes into default. Depending on where the property is, it may move into the legal foreclosure process once that payment is 90 days late. Although some lenders have dragged their feet on foreclosing when there are a lot of them, in order to preserve their own balance sheets.
There are other reasons for foreclosure too. This includes past due property taxes, HOA liens, federal tax liens, and condemnation due to property condition or eminent domain, or other breaches of contract with a mortgage lender. Sometimes the owner is genuinely at fault for failing to keep their end of the deal. In many other cases lenders have fraudulently foreclosed to seize assets, or it is the result of paperwork glitches.
Once a foreclosure is granted, properties are generally offered at auctions. If no winning bids are received, the creditor gains control of the property.
What Foreclosures Mean for Real Estate Investors
In one word – it means ‘opportunity’.
Foreclosed properties need to be sold, and are typically offered by motivated sellers who are in need of selling that asset fast. This normally means they can be purchased at a discount. As of August 2017, Realtytrac reports there were 626,631 properties in the US in some stage of foreclosure.
Discounts mean that real estate investors can buy these properties, and acquire them in a good equity position. They can sometimes be immediately resold for a profit. Though many may require significant repairs and updating before they are fit for renting or resale.
How to Buy Foreclosure Homes
There are a variety of ways to acquire foreclosure properties.
In pre-foreclosure directly from the owner
Via the MLS
At foreclosure auctions
Buying non-performing loan notes and foreclosing
Via real estate wholesalers
Participating in a fund or partnership which buys, rehabs, and rents them
Foreclosures continue to be a popular topic in real estate investing. They can still offer value to investors. There are many reasons homes get foreclosed on. There are several ways to participate in these opportunities for all levels of investors from brand new to highly experienced.
If you talk to experienced investors today, you’ll find a few common threads in what they would do differently if they could go back and start over. Learning from their mistakes now can certainly help in making the most of your investment opportunities.
One of the biggest and most common regrets of experienced investors is that they didn’t begin investing earlier. How soon you start investing makes a massive difference. Even a small amount invested now can grow into the millions by the time you retire. Whereas if you put it off, you’ll have to work harder, and give up a far larger percentage of your earned income, and take more risks in order to try and catch up. The earlier you invest, the more time you give yourself to make mistakes and learn.
Hold, Hold, Hold
Another frequent regret is not having sold properties. Eventually real estate assets increase in value and have more income producing potential. At times, it is wise to exit to get the most cash out of a home, but that may pale in comparison to the potential gains of long term hold properties.
Buy Less Junk, Invest More
Whether it was putting off investing to buy junk that ‘promised’ instant gratification, or blowing all the gains from flipping houses on car leases and partying, most would go back and splurge less on items that just rust or accumulate dust, and reinvest it instead.
Invest in Learning
In investing it is what you don’t know that gets you. And you never know it all. Every moment spent learning can pay vast ongoing returns. No matter what the market and weather does, no one can ever take that from you.
Make Bolder Moves
There is probably nothing worse than getting old and realizing all those ‘safe’ plays you made, all the years spent watching TV in comfort, and times you didn’t go somewhere because it was too adventurous, was all a waste. Decades were wasted, often without any rewards for it, and with little real financial security gained. Make bold moves while you are young, and while you can enjoy it. Even if they don’t work out you’ll have plenty of time to catch up.
Think Longer Term
A five year plan simply isn’t long enough. To really be able to enjoy the fruits of your investing and to hold onto them you’ve got to think and plan a lot longer than that. The most successful think 100 years or more ahead.
No single thing, strategy or asset will perform amazingly all the time, forever. Not house flipping, not your favorite rental, not the stock market, not your business. The key is diversifying. Diversify into different assets, strategies, and locations.
There is a lot of benefit to be found in learning from the mistakes and regrets of others. Learn from these clues, so you don’t make the same mistakes, so you can enjoy the journey more, and be pleased with the end result.
Want to be successful in your investing? Focus on these 3 keys...
There are a lot of factors that we look at when digging into investments. Yet, we often get distracted from some of the most important elements. Here are three critical keys to truly profiting from investments, and creating sustainable results that will last.
In his recent book ‘Money – Mastering the Game’, Tony Robbins reveals that one of the biggest threats to our financial futures and profitable investments are fees. In the world of real estate, individuals could face a barrage of multiple layers of fees with mortgages, brokerage, and banking: Many of which don't make sense or are confusing. This can be what depletes potential double digit gross returns, down to what may actually be negative yields once you count inflation. It is important to differentiate junk fees from legitimate fees in your investments and obtain quality, professional advice. You usually get what you pay for. However, by investing smarter we can strip away many of these layers, and get good returns, with good management.
Smart investors prioritize taxes when investing. They take them head on, instead of just burying their heads in the sand. Taxes can take a 30-40% chunk right off the top of your returns. That dramatically changes what you thought you were going to get from an investment. Fortunately, there are some investments which offer tax breaks, and vehicles for investing which the IRS has established to allow investors to enjoy tax deferred or tax-free investments. Use these and you will not only stay in the black when others fall into the red, but you can generate out-sized returns, and build wealth and income much faster. Imagine being able to invest 40% more each year?
No matter how carefully you select investments things can happen. Markets can change, corrections can happen or even natural disasters can come along. If you have all your money in one type of investment, or one asset, you are facing risks every day. Even within the same sector or asset class, you want to hold multiple units. When you are in multiple locations you’ll most always be able to generate income and have a cushion, no matter what happens externally.
We can use all types of fancy calculations and weigh all kinds of metrics when evaluating investments. If you are not watching the fees, watching the taxes, and fail to stay diversified, you could find your profits not being so profitable!
A lot of getting the best ROI comes down to smart due diligence, intensive research and knowing ALL the numbers.
What good habits will you find common among the most successful real estate investors?
Setting goals is critical to get where you want to go. Everyone you know who has achieved great things has set clear goals. Think about applying SMART goals: Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Relevant and Time bound.
Going deep into debt for a college degree is only part of your education. Much of what you learn is self-taught by life experience. Being a lifelong learner is a sign of true intelligence.
Focus on Your Process
Having goals and a good investment strategy is the start. The real success comes in focusing on the right process and improving on it. Process and protocol can simplify how you operate and give you a clear roadmap that you can gather data with.
Compete with Yourself
Real leaders focus on getting better and improving themselves and their results year over year. Don’t spend all your time worrying about competition, compete with yourself.
Eliminate Time Wasters
Identify the time drains in your day and put a plan in place to remove them. Look at how often you answer your email, look at social media, take unnecessary phone calls and shuffle paper. This applies to both people and activities which are a waste of your time.
If one thing is for sure, it is that things are constantly changing. Those best at adapting have the best chance to stay ahead. Remember the only constant in life is change.
Persistence is the difference between the successful and the rest of society. Remember the story of Thomas Edison? “I have not failed. I've just found 10,000 ways that won't work.”
Focus on the Positive
You manifest what you think about. Stay positive and get positive results. This is a daily choice. You can’t control everything that happens, only how you look at it and react.
Good Health Habits
Good health habits help your mind work optimally and gives you the ability to stay positive. This increases your energy levels and stamina. You don’t have to become a bodybuilder, just practice healthy habits daily.
Smart investors have good morning rituals. They might include stretching, a cold shower, a meditation or quiet time or simply breakfast! These help them focus on their goals, stay positive, and stay healthy.
Planning Ahead for the Day
Create your own schedule, or you’ll always have your life and results controlled by others. Elite entrepreneurs like Elon Musk schedule their time down to segments of just a few minutes.
Setting goals aren't enough. The real change happens when you apply visualization. This engages emotion and positive thinking and puts your goals into action.
Intentionally contemplating thankfulness daily makes a big difference in our mindset. Operating from a mindset of gratitude will change your outlook, reactions, and can really help when it comes to building relationships.
Get Enough Sleep
Sleep is underrated. It affects our metabolism, how we feel, and our ability to think well. Getting enough sleep is actually more critical than the amount of time you put into your waking hours.
Nurture Positive Relationships
Who you hang out with matters, a lot. Make sure you are spending time with positive people who will lift you up. Work on building real relationships and connections.
Generate Multiple Streams of Income
No matter how smart you are markets and individual investments can take some wild turns. If all your eggs are in one basket that can be a problem if the market corrects. If you have multiple streams of income you are setting yourself up for a better outcome.
Work efficiently, and know when you are at your peak effectiveness. The question of putting in 12 hour days when your peak ends at 8 hours is something you need to gauge. Learn how to make the most of those 8 hours instead. That’s when you’ll get the best ROI on your time.
If you want good things to happen, it’s on you. It comes down to you to solve problems and take action. Take ownership of this fact, and look for ways to be self-sustaining to cover yourself financially.
Make Time to Play
Along with sleep, and hustling hard during your active hours, taking the time to play and actively de-stress is critical. Why work so hard on everything else on this list if you aren’t going to take the time to enjoy the journey too?
The pinnacle of success isn’t really just amassing a fortune and hitting ‘your number’. The most successful go on to give big, pay it forward, donate, and volunteer. You don’t have to wait either. Make this a part of your process now.
You may not be able to implement all of these at once. Take one at a time and focus on mastery and then move to the next. Each goal that is achieved and reward reaped gives you the motivation to push forward toward success in not just real estate investing but in your everyday life!
Which type of property is right for your first investment?
One of the most common questions new investors ask is, “What types of homes should I look for as a beginning investor?” So, what’s the answer?
What You Need to Know
The first step to deciding on which type of homes you should be looking for is to know what you really want out of it.
What are your financial goals?
What real estate strategies are you planning to use?
What resources do you have?
What talents do you have?
What types of properties do you understand?
What’s Important as a New Investor
As a new investor, the important factors you should probably be focusing on include:
Ease of property management
Low maintenance costs
Beginner investors should be looking to test the waters, and keep their risk low in their first investments. Err, on the side of this being a springboard investment to launch you forward as you learn and get results. The last thing you want is to bite off more than you can handle, and get stuck.
The ‘Bread & Butter’ House
For all of the reasons above, most investors trend towards the common ‘bread and butter’ house. That is your standard 3 bedroom, 2 bath, single family home. It’s what will typically be the easiest to finance, rent and resell, and where most of your money will come from. This is the standard, neighborhood home which appeals to the most people. There are exceptions, however. If you are in an area where there are mostly 2 bedroom, 1 bath homes, or almost all condos, then those may be your best choice vs. the 3 bed 2 bath home. It all comes down to what banks will be most comfortable financing, and which properties will fit the largest number of renters and end buyers.
Your first property is about maintaining flexibility and keeping risk low. It is about going for the homes that are going to deliver real, consistent results. You may aspire to live in a mansion next to LeBron James’ home, but that doesn’t necessarily mean it is a profitable investment. Leave the quirky homes and ultra-high-end speculation to others. Then you’ll be the one with the best investments making the most consistent cash flow at the end of the day.
Beginner investors should start by getting clarity on what they have, and what they want. They should be ready to take bold action and get going. Yet, to start smart, with properties that are going to give them the lowest risk, most options, and best flexibility. Once you get a few under your belt you can always expand to taking on more adventurous projects.
What type of insurance coverage do you need for your rental properties?
Rental property owners need insurance coverage. You may not love making premium payments, but you’ll be glad you’ve got it when something happens. If you plan to finance real estate investments you’ll often also find that insurance is mandatory.
Here are five types of insurance coverage you need to know about…
1. Title Insurance
Title insurance covers your rights to ownership and use of the property and helps cover legal defense if issues arise. You do not want to buy property without this. Every dollar of your investment and future income can be on the line. There is a lot of fraud out there today, and without title insurance, you are at risk.
2. Hazard Insurance
This is your basic property insurance. It typically covers fires and other common forms of damage. This is usually based upon the amount of the loan you have on a property, or the cost to rebuild the property. Make sure you keep the amount of coverage updated as your property value increases.
3. Special Disaster Insurances
Basic hazard insurance is very limited coverage. It typically does not cover a wide variety of other natural disasters which can destroy your property. If you are in a flood zone you will typically need special flood insurance. This is normally very inexpensive. Those in coastal zones may need windstorm or hurricane insurance which also can be very expensive.
4. Renters Insurance
Hazard insurance doesn’t cover tenant belongings. You don’t want to be on the hook for your tenants’ furniture and personal items if there is a fire, flood, or break-in. Typically, landlords will require that renters obtain their own renter’s insurance, at their own expense. This should be laid out in your lease.
5. Umbrella Policy Insurance Coverage
There is generally a discount when you group all of the properties together and this also provides ease of management. If you do enough deals, and own properties long enough you’ll run into something. Often loopholes in the above policies will mean you aren’t covered by them, or they may not provide enough coverage. An umbrella insurance policy can be used to cover you and act as a second layer of protection across all of your real estate business and assets. This can help cover issues like “dog bite” lawsuits.
Keeping in mind the need for all types of insurance coverage and this will make your property management experience a smoother and less risky endeavor.
THE PURCHASE OF LLC INTERESTS IS SPECULATIVE AND INVOLVES SIGNIFICANT RISK, INCLUDING THE RISK THAT YOU COULD LOSE YOUR ENTIRE INVESTMENT. THE PURCHASE OF LLC INTERESTS IS SUITABLE ONLY FOR INVESTORS WHO FULLY UNDERSTAND AND ARE CAPABLE OF BEARING THE RISKS. SOME OF THE RISKS ARE DESCRIBED BELOW. THE ORDER IN WHICH THESE RISKS ARE DISCUSSED IS NOT INTENDED TO SUGGEST THAT SOME RISKS ARE MORE IMPORTANT THAN OTHERS.
SPECULATIVE NATURE OF REAL ESTATE INVESTING:
Real estate can be risky and unpredictable. For example, many experienced, informed people lost money when the real estate market declined in 2007- 2008. Time has shown that the real estate market goes down without warning, sometimes resulting in significant losses. Some of the risks of investing in real estate include changing laws, including environmental laws; floods, fires, and other acts of God, some of which may not be insurable; changes in national or local economic conditions; changes in government policies, including changes in interest rates established by the Federal Reserve; and international crises. You should invest in real estate in general, and in the Company in particular, only if you can afford to lose your investment and are willing to live with the ups and downs of the real estate industry.
NO GUARANTY OF DISTRIBUTIONS:
When you buy a certificate of deposit from a bank, the Federal government (through the FDIC) guarantees you will get your money back. Buying an LLC Interest from the Company is not like that at all. The ability of the Company to make the distributions you expect, and ultimately to give you your money back, depends on a number of factors, including some beyond the control of the Company. Nobody guarantees that you will receive distributions.
INABILITY TO ATTRACT AND/OR RETAIN TENANTS:
Our success depends on our ability to attract and retain tenants in our Rental Properties. The risks we face include the following:
Competition from other landlords could keep us from raising rents.
Changes in economic conditions generally, or in the Indianapolis, IN and Dayton, OH areas in particular.
Existing tenants might not renew their leases.
Our Rental Properties could remain vacant for extended periods.
A tenant could default on its obligations, or go bankrupt.
Certain of our properties may be specifically suited to the needs of a certain type of tenant and we may have difficulty leasing such properties in the event of a vacancy.
Any of these circumstances would hurt the Company financially. If a vacancy continues for a long period of time, we may suffer reduced revenues resulting in less cash available to be distributed to shareholders. In addition, the resale value of a property with vacancies could be decreased because the value of a property may depend on the value of the leases of such property.
NEED TO RENOVATE PROPERTIES:
We might need to renovate our Rental Properties to make them competitive in the market. The more we have to spend to renovate our Rental Properties (assuming we can find the capital to do so), the lower the returns to our investors.
PROPERTY VALUES COULD DECREASE:
The value of the Rental Properties we own could decline, perhaps significantly. Factors that could cause the value of our Properties to decline include, but are not limited to:
Changes in interest rates
Competition from new construction
Changes in national or local economic conditions
Changes in zoning
Environmental contamination or liabilities
Changes in local market conditions
Fires, floods, and other casualties
Undisclosed defects in property
Incomplete or inaccurate due diligence
ILLIQUIDITY OF REAL ESTATE:
The Company might not be able to sell Rental Properties as quickly as or on the terms that it would like. For one thing, we cannot predict how long it will take to find a willing and able buyer. For another thing, we might be required to expend significant amounts of money to correct defects or make improvements before a property can be sold. The overall economic conditions that might cause the Company to want to sell Rental Properties are generally the same as those in which it would be most difficult to sell.
The costs of operating real estate – including taxes, insurance, utilities, and maintenance – tend to move up over time. We have limited control over some of our operating costs, and if our costs increase it may reduce the amount available for distribution to investors.
REGULATION AND ZONING:
Like all real estate, our Rental Properties are subject to extensive building and zoning ordinances and codes, which can change at any time. Changes in these laws and regulations could affect the Company adversely.
A fire, hurricane, mold infestation, or other casualty could materially and adversely affect the operation of the Company, even if the Company carries adequate insurance.
The Company will maintain insurance against certain kinds of losses, such as losses from fires. However, there are certain types of losses which either cannot be insured at all or cannot be insured for a reasonable cost.
LIMITED WARRANTIES FROM SELLERS:
In most cases, the Company will be required to purchase a property in “as is” condition, with few if any representations or warranties by Seller. If we learn that a property has defects after closing, we may not be able to look to the seller for reimbursement.
LIABILITY FOR PERSONAL INJURY:
As a landlord, we might be sued for injuries that occur in or outside our Properties, e.g., “slip and fall” injuries. Although we expect to carry insurance against potential liability in amounts we believe are adequate, it is possible that we could suffer a liability in excess of our insurance coverage.
We will conduct typical environmental testing on the properties we acquire to determine the existence of significant environmental hazards. However, it is impossible to be certain of all the ways that the properties have been used, raising the possibility that environmental hazards could exist despite our environmental investigations. Under Federal and State laws, moreover, a current or previous owner or operator of real estate may be required to remediate any hazardous conditions without regard to whether the owner knew about or caused the contamination. Similarly, the owner of real estate may be subject to common law claims by third parties based on damages and costs resulting from environmental contamination. The cost of investigating and remediating environmental contamination can be substantial, even catastrophic.
The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (the “ADA”) requires certain buildings to meet certain standards for accessibility by disabled persons, and we may be required to comply with its terms. If our Rental Properties are not compliant with all requirements of the ADA or if additional requirements are imposed in the future, whether pursuant to the ADA or otherwise, we would need to make modifications to those Properties, potentially at significant expense.
THE COMPANY IS A NEW BUSINESS WITH A LIMITED TRACK RECORD:
The Company is a new business with a limited track record, making it difficult for Investors to gauge our investment strategy. Like any new business, we face challenges on a number of fronts, including:
Developing a reputation and brand identity
Attracting, retaining, and motivating qualified executives and personnel
Implementing business systems, including technology systems
Responding effectively to the offerings of existing and future competitors
Managing growth and expansion
Implementing adequate accounting and financial systems and controls
There is no assurance that we will be successful on all (or any) of these fronts.
INCOMPLETE DUE DILIGENCE:
We intend to perform “due diligence” on each Rental Property we buy, meaning we will seek out and review information about the property. However, due diligence is as much an art as a science. As a practical matter, it is simply impossible to review all of the information about a given piece of real estate and there is no assurance that all of the information we will review will be accurate or complete in all respects. For example, sometimes important information is hidden or simply unavailable, or a third party might have an incentive to conceal information or provide inaccurate information, and we cannot verify all the information we receive independently. It is also possible that we will reach inaccurate conclusions about the information we review.
LACK OF DIVERSIFICATION:
We will own a limited number of Rental Properties in a select market and in a concentrated geographic location, or to put it another way, our portfolio of real estate will not be “diversified.” The diversification of a portfolio reduces both volatility and risk, which means that our portfolio is likely to be more volatile and more risky than if we had purchased a greater number of properties, purchased properties in geographic locations outside of Indianapolis, IN and Dayton, OH, or invested in properties outside of residential market (e.g.,commercial properties).
UNRELIABLE FINANCIAL PROJECTIONS:
We have prepared financial projections reflecting what we believe are reasonable assumptions concerning the conduct of our business. However, the nature of real estate development and investment is such that at least some of our assumptions are likely to be mistaken, either for better or for worse, so that the actual results of investing in the Rental Properties are likely to be different than the results reflected in the projections, possibly by a wide amount. Investors should be skeptical of financial projections in the real estate industry, not because developers intend to be misleading but because the industry is so volatile and difficult to predict.
PRICING OF ASSETS:
The success of the Company and its ability to make distributions to Investors depends on its ability to gauge the value of real estate assets. Although the Manager will rely on various objective criteria to select properties for investment, ultimately the value of these assets is as much an art as a science, and there is no guaranty that the Company and its advisors will be successful.
RISKS ASSOCIATED WITH DEVELOPMENT AND CONSTRUCTION:
We might renovate or repair our Rental Properties from time to time, as needed and if consistent with our overall investment strategy. Development and construction can be time-consuming and are fraught with risk, including the risk that projects will be delayed or cost more than budgeted.
RELIANCE ON MANAGEMENT
: You will not have a right to vote or otherwise participate in managing the Company, except on very limited matters. Instead, the Manager, along with its affiliate Sonder Homes (our property manager), will have full control over the business and management of the Company. As a result, the success of the Company – and its ability to make payments with respect to your LLC Interests – will depend almost exclusively on the skills of our Manager and its principals. Therefore, you should purchase an LLC Interest only if you are willing to rely on the ability and judgment of management and these third-party operators. If the principals of our Manager resign, die, or become ill, the Company and its Investors could suffer.
RISKS ASSOCIATED WITH LEVERAGE:
The Company may borrow money from banks or other lenders to refinance Rental Properties, purchase assets, or to finance development costs or other expenses. Borrowing money to purchase assets is sometimes referred to as “leverage.” While using leverage can increase the total return on the borrower’s equity, it also increases risk because the amount borrowed has to be repaid in accordance with a schedule. To repay its loans, the Company might have to sell assets at a time when values are low, for example.
BREACHES OF SECURITY: It is possible that our systems would be “hacked,” leading to the theft or disclosure of confidential information you have provided to us. Because techniques used to obtain unauthorized access or to sabotage systems change frequently and generally are not recognized until they are launched against a target, we and our vendors may be unable to anticipate these techniques or to implement adequate preventive measures.
NO MARKET FOR THE LLC INTERESTS; LIMITS ON TRANSFERABILITY:
There are at least three obstacles to selling or otherwise transferring your LLC Interest:
There will be no public market for your LLC Interest, meaning you could have a hard time finding a buyer.
The Operating Agreement prohibits you from transferring your LLC Interest without the consent of the Manager.
By law, you may not sell your LLC Interest unless it is registered under applicable securities laws or the transfer is eligible for an exemption from registration.
Taking all that into account, you should plan to own your LLC Interest indefinitely.
NEED FOR ADDITIONAL CAPITAL:
The Company might need more capital, whether to renovate one or more Rental Properties, to acquire additional properties, to carry the Company through periods when our rental income is insufficient to cover our operating expenses, to pay for uninsured losses, or otherwise. We might seek to raise additional capital through debt (borrowing money) or through equity (selling interests in the Company) or both. However, there is no assurance that additional capital will be available at the time it is needed, and if the Company needs but cannot obtain additional capital it is possible that the Company could fail. Even if additional capital is available, it could be on terms that are adverse to the interests of the Investors. A loan, for example, could bear a high interest rate or other onerous terms, while raising additional capital in the form of equity could dilute the interests of the Investors.
SUBORDINATION TO RIGHTS OF LENDERS:
The right of Investors to receive distributions from the Company is subordinate to the rights of the Company’s lender(s). In the event the Company were to default in its obligations to the lender(s), the Company might be prohibited from making further distributions to the Investors until the default had been cured.
LACK OF CASH TO PAY TAX LIABILITY:
The Company will be treated as a partnership for tax purposes. Consequently, your share of the taxable income from the Company (if any) will be reported on your personal income tax return. We will try to distribute enough money for you to pay your personal tax liability on your share of the income, but we might not have enough money to do so. In that case, you could have a net cash deficit from owning an LLC Interest.
NO REGISTRATION UNDER SECURITIES LAWS:
The Company and the LLC Interests will not be registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) or the securities regulator of any State. Hence, neither the Company nor your LLC Interest is subject to the same degree of regulation, scrutiny and disclosure as if this offering were registered.
INCOMPLETE OFFERING INFORMATION:
The LLC Interests are being offered pursuant to Rule 506(b) issued by the SEC. Rule 506 does not require us to provide you with all the information that would be required in some other kinds of securities offerings, such as a public offering of shares. Although we have tried to provide all the information we believe is necessary for you to make an informed decision and we are ready to answer any questions you might have, it is possible that you would make a different decision if you had more information.
LACK OF ONGOING INFORMATION:
The Company will provide you with periodic statements concerning the Company, but it will not provide audited financial statements or other detailed information that you might receive in a securities offering registered with the SEC.
CONFLICTS OF INTEREST:
Your interests as an Investor could conflict with our interests in a number of important ways, including these:
Your interests might be better served if our management devoted its full attention to the Company. Instead, the principals of our Manager will be managing a number of different projects concurrently with the Company.
The principals of our Manager are also the principals of Sonder Homes, our property manager, which will receive fees from the Company. Although we will always seek to establish terms that are fair to the Company, the terms of any compensation or other agreements with Sonder Homes were negotiated between related parties, and therefore may not be as favorable to us as if they had been negotiated at arm’s length.
The principals of our Manager may be involved from time to time in other real estate ventures outside of the Company, and may be involved in purchasing and managing residential real estate projects in the vicinity of the Company. Therefore, they may be competing directly with the Company.
The lawyers who prepared this Confidential Investor Disclosure Document, the Operating Agreement, the Purchase and Investment Agreement, and the other documents related to your investment in the Company represent JB Holding Company LLC – our Manager – not Investors or even the Company. You must hire your own lawyer (at your own cost) if you want your interests to be separately represented.
DETERMINATION OF FEES:
The Manager and its affiliates may receive significant fees and distributions from the Company. Although we believe that the fees are consistent with the types and amounts of fees for other real estate development funds, the fees were not determined through arm’s-length negotiations with the Investors, but were established by our Manager.
LIMITATION ON RIGHTS UNDER OPERATING AGREEMENT:
The Operating Agreement limits your rights in several important respects, including these:
With a few exceptions, the Operating Agreement may be amended without your consent.
The Operating Agreement significantly curtails the right of Investors to bring legal claims against the Manager and its principals. Among other things, the Operating Agreement eliminates (to the extent allowed by law) the fiduciary obligations that the Manager would otherwise have to the Members.
The Operating Agreement limits your right to obtain information about the Company and to inspect its books and records.
The Operating Agreement restricts your right to sell or otherwise transfer your LLC Interest.
LIMITATIONS ON RIGHTS ON INVESTMENT AGREEMENT:
To purchase an LLC Interest, you are required to sign our Investment Agreement. The Investment Agreement would limit your rights in several important ways if you believe you have claims against us arising from the purchase of your LLC Interest:
In general, any legal claims brought against the Company or its principals must be brought in State or Federal Court in Indiana, which might not be convenient for you.
You would not be entitled to a jury trial on your claims.
THE FOREGOING ARE NOT NECESSARILY THE ONLY RISKS OF INVESTING.